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Portrait of Empress Alexandra Feodorovna. 1896

Antokolsky Mark,
91 х 56 х 36

State Russian Museum


Empress Alexandra Feodorovna (1872–1918), née Princess Alix Victoria Helena Luise Beatrice of Hesse and by Rhine, was the wife of Emperor Nicholas II (married 1894). Raised in England, she was the favorite granddaughter of Queen Victoria. Her marriage produced four daughters and one son. She was involved in charity and worked with her daughters Olga and Tatyana in a hospital during World War I. According to the recollections of her contemporaries, she was deeply religious. Her character combined a rigidity of beliefs with coldness and an intolerance for others’ opinions. She had a powerful influence over the emperor. She was shot along with her family on 17 July 1918 in Ekaterinburg.

Author's Biography

Antokolsky Mark

Antokolsky, Mark Matveevich
1842, Vilna — 1902, Bad Homburg (Germany)

The sculptor Mark Antokolsky moved to St Petersburg in 1862, where he studied under Nikolai Pimenov and Johann Reymers at the Imperial Academy of Arts. In 1871 he started work on his sculpture of Ivan the Terrible (plaster, Kensington Museum, London). During the early 1870s he lived in Italy, before moving to France in 1877, although he visited Russia every year. Antokolsky was awarded a gold medal and Légion d’honneur at the Exposition Universelle, Paris in 1878 and was later made a professor, then full member of the Imperial Academy of Arts, where he held solo exhibitions in 1880 and 1893. He was also an honorary member of Académie des Beaux-Arts in Paris, Akademie der Künste in Berlin and Accademia di Belle Arti in Urbino.

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