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Dairy Maid (Peasant Woman with a Milk Pail). Before 1826

Venetsianov Alexei,
Oil on canvas
31,5 х 24,5

State Russian Museum


Venetsianov received all of his impressions of peasant life at his estate in the Vyshnevolotsky District of Tver Province. The artist s models were mostly the peasants from the village of Safonkovo neighbours that he himself had known for many years. Although the image of the peasant woman is realistically authentic, it also displays a certain degree of generalisation and monumentalism. The picture is a combination of genre and portrait painting typical of the art of Alexei Venetsianov.

Author's Biography

Venetsianov Alexei

Venetsianov, Alexei Gavrilovich
1780, Moscow - 1847, Poddubie (Tver Province)
Founding father of Russian peasant genre painting. Painter, portraitist, etcher, lithographer. Son of a Moscow merchant, educated at private boarding school, worked as a draughtsman. Moved to St Petersburg (1802) and worked as a land surveyor for the crown properties and forestry departments. Studied painting independently, copied works in the Imperial Hermitage and drew pastel portraits. Academician (1811). Resigned from the civil service, moved to the country and painted genre scenes from life (early 1820s). Exhibited at the Imperial Academy of Arts and the Society for the Encouragement of Artists. Had many students, who formed the Venetsianov school in Russian art. Killed in a road accident at the Milyukov estate.

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